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Violence-Diplomacy strategy
Violence-Diplomacy strategy
Palestinian leaders from both Fatah and Hamas argue that terror -- including suicide terror against Israel, which they call “resistance” or “armed struggle” -- is a valid political tool and should be combined with diplomacy. They refer to violence as “seeding,” which is followed by diplomacy; i.e. stopping terror in order to let diplomacy reap the fruits of the terror. Palestinians have argued that in recent years this tactic has proven to be a successful strategy.

Fatah say that Yasser Arafat represents the model, the “expert on the timing of seeding the [armed] struggle and reaping diplomacy.” [Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Nov. 9, 2006]. Hamas argues that it has succeeded: “Praise to Allah, we [Hamas] have demonstrated glowing success in combining diplomacy and resistance.” [Hamas representative Ayman Taha, Al-Rissala, May 17, 2007].

Most importantly, the use of Palestinian terror is seen as a function of its profitability and the PA’s capabilities. As former Prime Minister Ahmad Qurei (Abu Alaa) said in August 2010 when asked if the Palestinians should be using armed “resistance”:
"I see and analyze. And if it [resistance] gives me [benefit] without costing me, yes." [Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Aug. 5, 2010].

PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas has expressed this sentiment as well: "Now (in 2008) we are against armed conflict because we are unable. In the future stages, things may be different. I was honored to be the one to shoot the first bullet in 1965 [Fatah terror against Israel began in 1965], and having taught resistance to many in this area and around the world, defining it and when it is beneficial and when it is not... we had the honor of leading the resistance. We taught everyone what resistance is, including the Hezbollah, who were trained in our [Fatah] camps." [Al-Dustur, Jordan, Feb. 28, 2008]

Palestinians across the political spectrum state that “armed resistance” is a valid tool. Moreover, if after the current stage of negotiations the Palestinians feel that they have not achieved their political demands, they will return to violence -- as soon as it is beneficial and they are able.
Fatah spokesman: "We adhere to armed resistance as well as to popular and political resistance" 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Mar. 19, 2014
Official PA TV broadcast a press conference held by Fatah spokesman Ahmad Assaf in Cairo.
Fatah spokesman Ahmad Assaf:
"If I have a weapon, if you’re carrying a gun, can you use it at any time? I’ll decide when I want to use it. When using [it] helps me and achieves my goals, I will use it at the appropriate time and place…
At the [Fatah] movement’s Sixth Convention, it was clearly stated that armed resistance is one form [of resistance], not the only form… All the revolutions in the world adopted prolonged, armed resistance, and it achieved results. We adhere to armed resistance as well as to popular and political resistance. However, it will be used according to the interests of the Palestinian people.”
Abbas' advisor: Israelis "are deluding themselves if they think the negotiations are our only choice" 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Mar. 17, 2014
Mahmoud Abbas' advisor on NGOs Sultan Abu Al-Einein: "I am greatly honored to be standing [here] today, so days that are important to us all will never be erased from our memory. In March, [we mark] Palestinian Women’s Day, in March, Palestinian Mother’s Day also occurs, in March [we remember] that dark-skinned young woman from the Shatila [refugee] camp [Dalal Mughrabi], who would not agree to anything other than to establish her state between Jaffa and Lebanon in her special way; that young woman who fought along with her comrades until her ammunition ran out. Yes, March is honored by this Palestinian blood... They [Israelis] are deluding themselves if they think the negotiations are our only choice. Let the young people hear me: Allah, honor us with Martyrdom (Shahada). Allah, give us the honor of being part of the procession of Martyrs."
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Note: Dalal Mughrabi - led the most lethal terror attack in Israel’s history in 1978, when she and other terrorists hijacked a bus and killed 37 civilians, 12 of them children.
Fatah official: “The method of struggle we are adopting now is [only] one of the methods of struggle” 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Mar. 17, 2014
Official PA TV Live broadcast a ceremony supporting the Palestinian state and national principles in Jericho.
Fatah Central Committee member Tawfiq Tirawi:
"A national enterprise cannot succeed without the National Liberation Movement, Fatah. We in this movement have not cast down the rifle and have not let go of the rifle. The rifle is here! The method of struggle we are adopting now (i.e., negotiations) is [only] one of the methods of struggle. But the rifle is here, and it can burst forth at any moment, with a new method and a new leadership. It will burst forth from this [current] leadership if we remain alive, because we are its people; and if we are no longer alive, [then] our sons, our young lions and you will be its people. Revolution until victory, until victory, until victory."
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Fatah youth: We adhere to “all options” of struggle 
Source: Official website of Fatah's Mobilization and Organization Commission, fatehorg.ps, Mar. 10, 2014
     “Fatah’s Shabiba [youth] movement in the West Bank published a press release in response to the declarations made by the extreme right-wing Prime Minister of the occupation, Benjamin Netanyahu, demanding that President Mahmoud Abbas [publicly] declare his recognition of Israel as a Jewish state at Birzeit University…
Fatah’s Shabiba said that any solution failing to realize the aspirations of our people – a free and independent homeland without the occupation and its herds of settlers; the right of return for refugees according to the decisions of the international institutions and [UN] resolution 194; freedom for our prisoners and the right of our people to full sovereignty over its land and natural resources –would be completely unacceptable. It [Fatah’s Shabiba] called on the international community to take concrete and effective steps to strengthen and implement the decisions regarding the boycott of the occupation and the imposition of sanctions on it. In addition, it emphasized that [our people] should draw inspiration from the experience of South Africa in this area…
Fatah’s Shabiba concluded its message by underscoring its intention to continue the popular resistance in all arenas and its preparedness for all options. It [the movement] called the third generation of Palestinians, after the generation of the grandfathers and fathers, the generation of adherence to principles and resistance.”

For a longer version of the item and for a description of UN resolution 194, click "full article."
Speaker at Fatah rally: “Negotiations and armed activity are [both] necessary to free the prisoners.” 
Source: Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Mar. 4, 2014
     “[At a Fatah rally held in Gaza in support of prisoner Fuad Al-Shubaki,] Fatah reiterated its support of [PA] President Mahmoud Abbas and the [PA] leadership. It [the movement] expressed its appreciation of the efforts being made to free the prisoners, and demanded that all legitimate measures be adopted to empty the prisons.
This [support was expressed] during a well-attended rally organized by Fatah in cooperation with the Nidal Al-Amoudi division of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades, as a sign of solidarity with the prisoner and national leader, Fuad Al-Shubaki…
Abu Muhammad, a spokesman for the Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades, said that the Brigades are committed to the promise, and will reach the prisons to free the prisoners…
Muwaffaq Hmeid, director of the Gaza-based Association of Prisoners and Released Prisoners (Husam)… noted that Fatah was the first to kidnap occupation soldiers with the aim of freeing prisoners… He emphasized that negotiations and armed activity are [both] necessary to free the prisoners.”

Note: Fuad Al-Shubaki - a senior PA official serving a 20-year prison term. He was behind the attempt to smuggle 50 tons of illegal weapons into the Palestinian Authority aboard the Karin-A weapons’ ship in 2002.
Fatah official: “International legitimacy allows us to resist with all means” 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Feb. 26, 2014
Official PA TV Live broadcast a program under the heading, “What will happen after the negotiations?”
Deputy Secretary of the Fatah Central Committee Jibril Rajoub: “Had Fatah not taken decision-making and the Palestinian national will into its own hands using bullets, it would not have been possible for our cause to change from a refugee cause into a statehood cause. I’m not saying that on April 30 [2014] (i.e., when the negotiations with Israel are scheduled to end), we should pick up rifles and take to the streets, but neither do I rule this out – provided that the struggle be a means, and not an end. Therefore, the most important thing for us to do is… start an internal national dialogue to define our national agenda and our national strategy. In addition to the fact that the Palestinian cause, or Palestine as a state, is now on the international agenda, we have achieved something great and important over [the past] 50 years: We have attained moral supremacy over this criminal, fascist, Nazi occupation…
International legitimacy allows us to resist with all the means, including armed struggle – provided that it take place on the occupied lands, against the symbols of the occupation and the occupation, in order to bring about the end of the occupation. But this has to be a practical, realistic choice capable of harming the occupation. At the same time, I’m telling you, there will be those among us who will go out and start heating [things] up right now. Therefore, we must mold the Palestinian national consciousness in order to define the red lines. It is forbidden for anyone to define the Palestinian national agenda.”

For a longer transcript, click "full article."
Fatah official: Movement uses “a variety of means, including military struggle, popular struggle, diplomatic activity… and negotiations” 
Source: Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Feb. 2, 2014
     “Fatah Central Committee member Tawfiq Tirawi said the movement has not, and will not, lay down its weapons until the national goals of the Palestinians are achieved. He noted that the movement has used a variety of means, including military struggle, popular struggle, diplomatic activity at the UN and negotiations, to achieve these goals.”
Fatah official: “Armed operations serve the negotiations,” “We…have the right to use all forms of struggle” 
Source: YouTube, Jan. 27, 2014
Interview with Fatah Central Committee Member Azzam Al-Ahmad on Jordan TV’s Third Opinion program.
Jordanian TV host: “Israel made you drop the resistance and is negotiating with you, with no results.”
Al-Ahmad: “No. It can’t make us drop the resistance. There are many forms of resistance; read our publications. Armed operations (i.e., terror attacks) are one form of resistance; political activity is another; the dissemination of information, negotiations, the nonviolent popular struggle – all these are forms [of resistance]. This is the way of all nations. Armed operations serve the negotiations. All freedom movements end up sitting at the negotiating table.”
Host: “In other words, you – the Palestinian Authority – don’t oppose armed resistance to the occupation?”
Al-Ahmad: “Certainly not... We say that we too have the right to use all forms of struggle at the appropriate time, including the other forms of struggle - armed or not armed. At the moment, we are leaning on the nonviolent public struggle. The circumstances of reality, [our] independent capabilities, the objective possibilities, – these are the things that determine the form of struggle: Will it be diplomatic action? Popular resistance? armed resistance? Negotiations? It depends on the circumstances.”
[Jordanian TV Dec. 27, 2013; posted on YouTube on Jan. 27, 2014]

For a longer transcript of the interview, click "full article."
Fatah official: Negotiations must be reinforced by “armed struggle” 
Source: Al-Mayadeen (Lebanon), Jan. 23, 2014
An interview on Al-Mayadeen TV (Lebanon) with Tawfiq Tirawi, member of Fatah Central Committee:
Tirawi: “There is no way a Palestinian state will be established in the West Bank and [the] Gaza [Strip] within the next twenty years... The negotiations are giving us nothing. The only thing that is possible is [what is called] the ‘sphere of activity’. We – all Palestinian organizations – must return to the ‘sphere of activity’.”
Al-Mayadeen TV host: “What you are saying is important. Let me say that this is new…”
Tirawi: “When we enter the ‘sphere of activity’, I’m telling you: lots of things will change.”
Host: “’Sphere of activity’, that is to say…”
Tirawi: “Resistance... All forms of resistance. My dear brother, what is resistance? Standing firm is resistance; negotiating is a kind of resistance; but there has to be something in the field to aid and reinforce it, right?”
Host: “Weapons.”
Tirawi: “Weapons or popular resistance. There are a hundred ways of resistance. [So] let’s get on with the resistance. But [this doesn’t mean] every organization can engage in resistance in whatever way it wants. It doesn’t work that way. There has to be a Palestinian strategic national plan, one that is acceptable to everyone – both to those in the PLO and to those outside the PLO and which will be implemented by Palestinians. At that point, we will see what method of resistance is appropriate for that stage, and we will act accordingly... What you are hearing from Fatah isn’t anything new... At our Sixth Convention, held in Bethlehem, we did not rule out any of our options for resistance, of which armed struggle is one.”

For a longer transcript, click "full article.''
Fatah Facebook promotes “armed struggle” and “political struggle” against Israel 
Source: Facebook, Fatah - The Main Page, Jan. 2, 2014
The picture that Ofir Gendelman criticized, which was originally posted on Fatah's Facebook page.
     "In his Twitter account, the occupation government's spokesperson [Ofir Gendelman] criticized the Fatah Movement's Main [Facebook] Page, because it posted a photo of armed people from the movement as the page's cover photo on the eve of [US Secretary of State] Kerry's arrival, as if his racist government welcomed Kerry with flowers. [In fact,] every day it does business deals to build new settlements.
For 49 years the Fatah Movement has carried out an armed struggle, a political struggle and a global struggle against the Israeli Zionism. The arms of the people of our giant movement will not tremble because of the words of angry midgets. The Fatah Movement will remain the symbol of the struggle until the liberation of our land from the impurity of Zionism. Long live your revolution, Palestinians!"
Secretary-General of Fatah youth movement: "It’s our right... to resist in all forms and ways" 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Jan. 1, 2014
PA TV program Palestine This Morning episode about the 49th anniversary of the launch of the Palestinian revolution. The program hosted the Secretary-General of Fatah’s Shabiba youth movement, Hassan Faraj.
PA TV host: “Peaceful popular resistance, standing firm on the land –these are the headlines of the time, if one may say so – because there aren’t many options.”
Secretary-General of Fatah’s Shabiba youth movement Hassan Faraj: “We disagree with the leadership somewhat on the issue of peaceful popular resistance. It’s our right, the [right of the] Palestinian people under occupation, to resist in all forms and ways. Perhaps, non-peaceful popular resistance is suitable for this stage. All our resistance is peaceful and in the end, we’re protecting ourselves. All international laws guarantee our [right] to resist with all means and ways. A small boy holding a stone who expresses his anger - this isn’t called violent popular resistance.”
Fatah: “Our forms of struggle are diverse… including military struggle” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Dec. 31, 2013
PA TV special broadcast to mark the anniversary of Fatah’s establishment:
Fatah Central Committee member Azzam Al-Ahmad: “Our forms of struggle are diverse, according to the legitimate international rules that allow nations to use all means, including a military struggle, to attain their freedom.”

Note: PA leaders have legitimized Palestinian violence by quoting UN resolution 3236 which "recognizes the right of the Palestinian people to regain its rights by all means." The PA interprets "all means" as including violence against civilians, but has chosen to ignore the continuation of the resolution which states that the use of "all means" should be "in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations..." The UN Charter prohibits targeting civilians, even in war. Chapter 1, Article 1, opens by saying that the "international disputes" should be resolved "by peaceful means."
PA TV song: Olive branch in one hand and rifle in the other 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Dec. 31, 2013
PA TV broadcast a song named “a Fatah Salute”:
     “I belong to Fatah,
it will be proud [of me],
my symbol is the keffiyeh (Arab headdress),
[I] bear an olive branch
and on my shoulder [I bear] the rifle.”
Fatah official calls for “resistance in all its forms to continue” 
Source: Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Dec. 25, 2013
     “Fatah Central Committee member and Chairman of the Arab American University Board of Trustees Muhammad Shtayyeh gave MBA students a lecture on ‘Development in Palestine in the Shadow of Occupation’…
Shtayyeh opened the lecture by saying: ‘Israel does not want us to develop. This appears in the Bible, when we were described as ‘hewers of wood and drawers of water’ (i.e., slaves) [parentheses in source]. To get out of the current financial crisis, develop our resources and build a state, we must end the occupation. This will come to be only if the reconciliation [between the PA-controlled West Bank and the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip] is completed; [if] the two parts of the homeland are unified; [if] an agreement [between Fatah and Hamas] is reached on a clear and defined national economic strategy with which we will communicate with the world; [if] international pressure on Israel is increased to force it to enter serious negotiations; [if] resistance in all its forms is continued as a means of pressure; [if] an appeal to the UN bodies and institutions is made; [if] lawsuits are filed against Israel, especially after the PA receives membership in the UN; and [if] an effort is made to convene an international conference on Palestine at the end of the current negotiations [between Israel and the PA].’
Fatah official: “Every occupied nation” has the right to “all forms of resistance, including armed resistance” 
Source: Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Nov. 12, 2013
     “[Fatah Central Committee member Sultan] Abu Al-Einein warned of the expropriation of the national Palestinian culture and ongoing settler riots in the streets, and said, ‘The time has come for us to stop [silently] accepting condolences for our Martyrs’ (Shahids) deaths.’ He asserted that it is the right of every occupied nation to carry out all forms of resistance, including armed resistance.”
Abbas Rep.: "We struggle, negotiate, fight… we choose the forms of struggle according to existing conditions” 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Nov. 4, 2013
Palestine Live TV broadcast a rally held in honor of released terrorists from Jenin, which was attended by many PA officials. A large sign announced that the event was held under the auspices of Abbas.
Host of the event: “Now, we call on Azzam Al-Ahmad - Abu Nidaa - member of the Fatah Movement’s Central Committee, to deliver the President [Abbas]’ speech, we will now all salute His Excellency President Mahmoud Abbas, Abu Mazen.”
Fatah Central Committee member Azzam Al-Ahmad: “Mothers and families of our brave prisoners, brothers and sisters, ladies and gentlemen, I send you President Mahmoud Abbas’ greetings in this celebration of the release of a new group of our heroes, our brave prisoners, who have been a new example of endurance, resolve and giving, and who taught how to sacrifice… We say to Marwan [Barghouti] and to Ahmad Sa’adat and to our thousands of prisoners: Be assured that we will celebrate [your release] shortly. There are no life sentences under any circumstances. Our revolution that has been described as the revolution of the impossible, yes, it is the longest revolution in history. We do not know despair, true, we are taking a circuitous route but we will achieve our goals. We struggle, negotiate, fight – the popular resistance is escalating and expanding, and we choose the forms of struggle according to the existing conditions.”

Note: Click "full article" below to view a longer transcript of the event. The "full article" also includes descriptions of the released terrorists who were being honored as well as descriptions of the imprisoned terrorists mentioned by Azzam Al-Ahmad.
Senior Fatah official: Abbas “baffled everyone” with diplomacy; now we can “administer poison to them [Israel] drop by drop” 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Nov. 3, 2013
PA TV broadcast a rally in Surif, Hebron in honor of released prisoners Ziyad Ghneimat, Mustafa Ghneimat, and Najeh Muqbil.
Abbas Zaki: "How great and magnificent what you have done, oh heroes returning from captivity... How great what President Mahmoud Abbas has done, who through his insight knew how to defeat the enemies… Mahmoud Abbas came with his strong argument, with his intelligent policy, and with excellent, elegant diplomacy, and he baffled everyone in the Israeli camp, and he forced this equation (i.e., equating prisoners who had killed with prisoners who had not). For no one expected that Israel, which hands down life sentences and decided that they [the prisoners] would go from prison to the grave, [would release them]. They have become medals on the chest of this nation… The release of these heroic brothers was payment for nine months in which we won’t turn to international institutions… When Israel and America declared that ‘the old will die and the young will forget,’ and when they said that this is their ‘Promised Land,’ we told them that what is ‘promised’ is turbulent confrontation. We took up arms, and with cascades of blood we inscribed [in the books of history] victory after victory. And today, through diplomacy, by winning the world over on our side, and by removing Israel from public opinion (i.e., as a legitimate state), we will administer the poison to them drop by drop… We say to Israel: Die in your rage. Go to your cemeteries and recite over your dead whatever you recite. Here they are [who Israel said] 'have blood on their hands' (i.e., murderers); here they are [back] among their own people: fighters, knights, free men!”

For the full transcript and descriptions of the terrorists, click "full article."
Fatah official glorifies Fatah violence and promotes diplomacy at the same time 
Source: Official PA TV Live, Nov. 3, 2013
Member of Fatah Central Committee Abbas Zaki: “Since firing the first shot, we in Fatah have sworn that we are on a journey that will not end unless our nation’s aspirations are achieved: return [of the refugees], an independent state, Jerusalem as the eternal capital of a Palestinian state…
It cannot be that we will ever commit suicide, and it cannot be that we will agree to anyone saying that we bowed down and sold out [on our principles]. We are the ones who planted the spirit of defiance in this nation, and we have been the school [to teach] the culture of resistance. When Israel and America declared that ‘the old will die and the young will forget’, and when they said that this is their ‘Promised Land’, we told them that what is ‘promised’ is turbulent confrontation. We took up arms, and with cascades of blood we inscribed [in the books of history] victory after victory. And today, through diplomacy, by winning the world over on our side, and by removing Israel from public opinion (i.e., as a legitimate state), we will administer the poison to them drop by drop…"
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Fatah official: Use violence at the right time 
Source: Facebook page of Tawfiq Tirawi, member of Fatah Central Committee, Oct. 13, 2013
Fatah Central Committee Member Tawfiq Tirawi:
     “When there are negotiations, the negotiations need leverage. Leverage on the ground for negotiations [can be] armed resistance, popular resistance, civil disobedience against the occupation, appeals to the UN, etc. You have to use all forms of struggle [as leverage]. True, there are circumstances that can sometimes dictate the form of struggle. At one time or another, the time may be right or wrong for it (i.e., for a certain form of struggle). But ultimately, if the Palestinian negotiator goes [to negotiate] without an activity that supports him, and with no factors that support him, his position will be weak. We have no popular resistance, to speak frankly, and we have no armed resistance. We have what we obtained by appealing to the UN, which is [the ability] to approach international institutions and organizations…
There is no Israeli partner for peace, in my opinion. We made a mistake when we recognized Israel, and we must retract our recognition of Israel. We made a mistake when we lowered our demands and [agreed to] the 1967 borders. I say, we must return to no less than the [UN] Partition Plan. This is my opinion, and this is what we must tell people – because essentially the two-state solution is over and dead.”
Fatah official on behalf of Abbas: All forms of resistance are legitimate  
Source: Ma’an, independent Palestinian news agency, Oct. 3, 2013
     “Participants in the Eighth International Popular Resistance Conference in Bil’in, which began on Wednesday and will continue until Friday, emphasized the importance of official and popular support of popular resistance, which has given the Palestinian cause international momentum.
The conference, held in the village of Bil’in, was attended by [PA] Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, former Prime Minister Salam Fayyad, Fatah Central Committee Member – representing President Mahmoud Abbas – Mahmoud Al-Aloul, District Governor of Ramallah and El-Bireh Laila Ghannam, several members of the PLO Executive Committee and the Palestinian Parliament, leaders and representatives of Fatah’s national forces and Fatah’s Central Committee, European Union Representative in Palestine John Gatt-Rutter, [and] several European ambassadors and consuls…
In a speech delivered at the conference on behalf of the President, Al-Aloul asserted: ‘We believe in resistance in all its forms to be the right of occupied nations, as guaranteed by International Law.’ He called [on participants] not to be afraid to discuss the forms of popular resistance that were chosen by the people in this period… He added: ‘The experience of struggle in Bil’in, which suffered greatly and sacrificed many Martyrs (Shahids), has achieved a victory and forced Israel to retract its decision to gain control of the lands and residents of Bil’in.’ [...]
Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah said: ‘Convening this conference is a success in terms of increasing international awareness and unity [in favor of] popular resistance, and [garnering] support for the power and drive of non-violent popular resistance.’”
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