עברית

 






Entire Page


Violence-Diplomacy strategy
Violence-Diplomacy strategy
Palestinian leaders from both Fatah and Hamas argue that terrorism -- including ‎suicide terror against Israel, which they call “resistance” or “armed struggle” -- is a ‎legitimate political tool. PA leaders quote UN resolution 3236, which "recognizes the ‎right of the Palestinian people to regain its rights by all means." The PA interprets "all ‎means" as including violence against civilians. However, the PA ignores the ‎continuation of the resolution, which states that the use of "all means" should be "in ‎accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations," ‎which prohibits targeting civilians, even in war. ‎

The PA not only legitimizes its use of violence against Israel, it employs a strategy that ‎combines violence with diplomacy, timing it to achieve optimum political impact. ‎
Fatah Committee member Tawfiq Tirawi explained this policy on Ma’an TV:‎
‎“In the Fatah political program of the Sixth Conference [in 2009]… it says ‎liberation of the lands and resisting the occupation through all means of ‎resistance. We haven’t omitted any type of resistance. However, we know ‎that for each method of resistance there is a right time and circumstances, ‎which are not right for another method. Since we are interested in a [political] ‎achievement, in a state, freedom, and independence for the Palestinian people, ‎we know what the interests and basic principles of the Palestinian people ‎are. Hence, we want to realize its interests, and not to concede our basic ‎principles. These might be temporary interests or achievements until conditions ‎are ripe to end all other issues.”‎ ‎[Ma’an, independent Palestinian news agency, Feb. 11, 2015]‎

Muhammad Dahlan, a former Fatah MP, described it as follows:‎
‎“This is our right, our legal right (i.e., referring to the use of violence). The ‎international community affirms it for us. But it is the responsibility of the ‎leadership to use it when it wants, in the proper place and at the proper time. We ‎cannot leave in the hands of youth who use their own judgment. This is the ‎difference between [PA] using this right and just anyone using it.”
[Official Palestinian Authority ‎TV, July 22, 2009]‎
‎Click to view
 ‎
Since the primary motivation for Palestinian terror is the advancement of political goals, ‎the PA employs a strategy of alternating violence and negotiations. They often refer to ‎violence as “seeding,” meaning that terror is used to inflict suffering and fear on Israeli ‎society and the international community, after which the terror is stopped temporarily, ‎in order to let diplomacy “reap” the fruits of the terror. The ongoing threats of renewed ‎terror are seen by Palestinians as a primary motivation for Israeli leaders to give in to ‎Palestinian demands.‎
Fatah spokesman Ahmad Assaf explained:‎
‎"Fatah… [is] the only movement that successfully employed all types of ‎resistance in order to achieve the goal… Fatah did not say that its only option ‎was armed struggle. We always said, 'the rifle sows and diplomacy reaps.'... The ‎rifle always had one target, and it was a political target: achieving the ‎Palestinian people's goals of freedom and independence. That is why we went ‎down two parallel paths: armed resistance and political activity.”‎
‎[Official Palestinian Authority TV, Dec. 31, 2012]‎

Similary, Diab Al-Luh, member of the Fatah Revolutionary Council explained:‎
‎“We have learned in the struggle that there is a stage of planting and cultivation. ‎The struggle of the rifle seeds and the diplomatic struggle reaps. We, the ‎Palestinians, have planted in the many years of our struggle, our Martyrs (Shahids), our wounded and our brave prisoners, who have planted productive ‎seeds.” [Official PA TV, Dec. 5, 2004]‎

Click to view

Mahmoud Abbas himself has also stated the importance of timing violence properly. ‎The criterion he stressed was the potential to be successful:‎
‎“Now we are against armed conflict because we are unable. In the future ‎stages, things may be different. I was honored to be the one to shoot the first ‎bullet in 1965 [Fatah terror against Israel began in 1965], and having taught ‎resistance to many in this area and around the world, defining it and when it is ‎beneficial and when it is not.” [Al-Dustur (Jordan), Feb. 28, 2008]‎

Thus, the use of Palestinian terrorism is determined by its profitability and the PA’s ‎capabilities. Former Prime Minister Ahmad Qurei (Abu Alaa), when asked if the ‎Palestinians should be using armed “resistance,” stated: "I see and analyze. And if it ‎‎[resistance] gives me [benefit] without costing me, yes." [Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Aug. 5, ‎‎2010]‎

Palestinians across the political spectrum view “armed resistance” as a legitimate ‎political tool. An article in the official PA daily described Yasser Arafat as the champion ‎of this model, and the “expert on the timing of seeding the [armed] struggle and reaping ‎diplomacy.” [Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Nov. 9, 2006] Hamas has also supported the strategy ‎of alternating violence with diplomacy: “Praise to Allah, we [Hamas] have demonstrated ‎glowing success in combining diplomacy and resistance.” [Hamas representative ‎Ayman Taha, Al-Rissala, May 17, 2007]

The following section documents statements and attitudes on the violence-‎diplomacy strategy, across the Palestinian political sphere:‎
Fatah official: Fatah supports “ongoing armed struggle” (i.e., violence) as well as “popular struggle” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Jan. 4, 2012
Rally marking 47th anniversary of the Palestinian revolution, broadcast from Ramallah:
Fatah Central Committee member Mahmoud Al-Aloul:

     "This movement from the outset presented a clear program for social struggle, and has not changed it to this day. It is a program of struggle which is based on ongoing armed struggle and popular struggle. This is what [the movement] has consistently upheld completely, to this day.
Did we not present a new political program, in which the Fatah movement believes that the struggle in all its forms is the legitimate right of occupied peoples in standing up to their occupiers? But every stage has its own form of struggle. You remember when you called the Martyr (Shahid) Khalil Al-Wazir 'the first bullet, the first stone'? When he turned to the stone, he did not rule out the possibility of the bullet. That is Fatah."

Note: Abu Jihad (Khalil Al-Wazir) – A founder of Fatah and deputy to Yasser Arafat. He headed the PLO terror organization’s military wing and planned many deadly Fatah terror attacks, including the most lethal in Israeli history, the hijacking of a bus and killing of 37 civilians, 12 of them children.
Fatah has a right to all forms of struggle, including armed struggle 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Jan. 1, 2012
Excerpt from a long article about Fatah by Bakr Abu Bakr, marking 47th anniversary of the start of Fatah's activity. The article, occupying a full page, is printed against the background of the Fatah logo. Writer refers to Israel as the 'Zionist enemy'.
Headline:
"Fatah is winning through activity and the masses"
     "The [Fatah] movement emphasizes its right to engage in all forms of the struggle, as approved by international laws - including the armed struggle. It has chosen, at the present stage, the mass struggle, popular struggle, or peaceful struggle as the direction of the struggle."

Note: The PA has claimed for many years that all its terror is justified by international law. This is a reference to UN resolution 3236, which "recognizes the right of the Palestinian people to regain its rights by all means in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations." However, the resolution goes on to state that the use of "all means" should be "in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations..." The UN Charter prohibits targeting civilians, even in war.
Fatah official Al-Qader: All options are open to Fatah, ”including the option of the armed struggle” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Dec. 30, 2011
PA TV program Good Morning Jerusalem interviews Hatem Abd Al-Qader, holder of Fatah's Jerusalem portfolio.
     Al-Qader:
“Of course, Fatah is the Palestinian Revolutionary Movement which brought about the eruption of this revolution 47 years ago. It is the liberation movement that has been around for the longest time. In other words, to date, nowhere in the world has there been a liberation movement that continued its struggle for 47 years. We are likewise ready to fight for another 47 years; we have no problem with that. Perhaps we will fight for 100 years. If the Israelis think that Fatah has lost its options, and that Fatah has become a political faction or a political approach, they are wrong. Fatah is still a national liberation movement. Fatah, at its last conference, held in Bethlehem [Sixth Conference, 2009], affirmed that all options are open to the Palestinian people, including the option of the armed struggle. That still exists in Fatah… We shall emphasize this year that the Fatah movement is committed to the continuation of the struggle, in all its forms, in order to establish the Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital. Fatah will not give up its principles."
Editor of PA daily supports “armed struggle at its proper time... in order to achieve our aim” 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Dec. 26, 2011
In the following article, editor of the official PA daily Hafez Barghouti claims that Israel is not concerned by the ascent of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt because it promised the US to continue the path of the previous regime and to maintain relations with Israel. The Salafists also committed themselves to maintaining agreements, thereby alleviating Israel's concerns.
     "I am a Palestinian citizen representing the Fatah movement, and I cannot stand the separate contracts and agreements with Israel. I hate the US, and two thirds of the articles I write are criticism of the crude American policy which is hostile to the Arab people, its religion, its culture, its heritage, its palm trees and its camels. Despite this, I am accused of collaboration, corruption, and betrayal, because I fight for a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders, and support the armed struggle [when conducted] at its proper time, and the peaceful struggle at its proper time, in order to achieve our aim."
All forms of resistance are part of the Palestinian people’s “repertoire” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Nov. 29, 2011
PA TV News reports on marches held in Gaza to mark the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People:
Coordinator of the popular campaign for resisting the separation fence, Sabber Al-Za'anin:
     "On the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, we protest today in Gaza as a sign of resistance to the Israeli occupation. We emphasize the continuation of the resistance. Today we are representing the popular resistance, but we do not take off of our people's repertoire the other forms of struggle and resistance."
Political advisor to Abbas: Palestinians have the right to resist Israel in any “style that serves the… nation’s cause and harms Israel” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Nov. 24, 2011
Interview with Nimer Hammad, political advisor to Mahmoud Abbas (addressing Ismail Radwan of the Hamas movement in Gaza).
     Hammad:
"The resistance is a legitimate right, correct? For every nation. No question. Resistance – permit me to say, is something sacred. I use the word 'sacred' – for every nation against the occupation, but the weapons are not sacred. Therefore the subject of resistance is something broader than the subject of the armed resistance. We – even the expressions, sometimes, the importance of language, sometimes – when someone uses language which can be useful; a word that can be useful. Sometimes, instead of saying 'I want to crack the nut', the word 'crack' could be understood as meaning… 'I want to peel the nut', although a nut is not peeled, but rather cracked. To use this expression – will it harm me? Will it benefit me? The problem [is] that not just you and I are talking to one another; what we say is broadcast to the world; it is exposed to the centers of power. Therefore let us focus: the nation has a right – the Palestinian nation – to resist the occupation without getting into whether you mean the armed struggle? Are you against resistance? There's no benefit in [talking about] that. I ask that at the next stage, we all agree: The Palestinian nation has the right to resist the occupation. Concerning the style of this resistance, it is – the style that serves the Palestinian nation's cause, and harms Israel… Israel is helpless today when we do mass demonstrations. I hope that we will reach the day when every Thursday or Friday or Saturday 100,000 Palestinians will come out successively. And foreigners will come with us, in solidarity and people from the Israeli peace camp will come. This serves the Palestinian nation's cause."
Fatah began implementing strategy of alternating violence with diplomacy after 1973 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Nov. 11, 2011
PA TV newsreader on the consequences of the Yom Kippur War:
     "The Arab armies were not defeated this time [in contrast to the 1967 Six-Day War]; rather, the idea of abolishing the Israeli entity gradually declined, owing to great international pressure, which led to the ceasefire, and Arafat emerged from [the war] understanding that [even] in the best possible scenario, the Palestinians would not be able to regain more than the '67 borders. The idea that the armed struggle alone would not achieve the aim, and that there was no choice but to combine armed activity with a boosting of Palestinian diplomatic activity, gained more and more acceptance. And so [Arafat] began to sow the seeds of the 'two state' solution with the Fatah movement’s 'stages plan'."

Excerpt from Arafat's speech at UN General Assembly, 1974:
     "I have come to you, honorable president [of the UN], with an olive branch in my [one] hand and with the rifle of revolution in the other. Do not cause the olive branch to fall from my hand! Do not cause the olive branch to fall from my hand! Do not cause the olive branch to fall from my hand!"
PA Chairman Abbas: "Military resistance - we are unable" 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Oct. 24, 2011
In October 2011, the Israeli government agreed to release 1,027 Palestinian prisoners from Israeli prison in exchange for Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who had been held hostage by Hamas for more than 5 years.
Interview with Mahmoud Abbas following the exchange:
Interviewer:
"Don't you think that it was the resistance which succeeded in freeing 1,000 prisoners? Negotiations must always be accompanied by a measure of force; there is no negotiation without resistance - that's the
experience of the nations, of Ireland and all countries."
Abbas: "Correct, but for us the conditions are different. Military resistance - we are unable. Hamas kidnapped a soldier, or captured a soldier, and managed to keep him for 5 years - that's a good thing, we don't deny it. On the contrary, it's good. Because in that small strip of 40 x 7 km [Gaza], they managed to guard him and hide him - that's a good thing. But that's not called resistance. In the end, a soldier was captured and we paid a heavy price: the invasion of Gaza, 1,500 casualties. We paid, but let's put that aside. If we're talking about [freeing] prisoners then it succeeded. There is no military resistance - neither we nor, by the way, Hamas - neither we nor Hamas want military resistance. They say this and we also say this."
Click to view video

Note: The interview was carried out by Egyptian TV, but was broadcast on PA TV.
PA TV: Negotiations are not “the only way,” they are “one of the ways” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, Sept. 8, 2011
PA TV program Media Cafe with discussion about use of terminology that serves the Palestinian people. PA TV host to guest, writer and journalist Professor Muhannad Abd Al-Hmeid: 
     “Let’s look at some terms, which most of the journalists err by using them in their reports and articles.”
List of 'wrong' terms with the 'correct' forms that should be used is shown on screen:
[Wrong term:] "Negotiations are the only way" – [correct term:] "Negotiations are one of the ways"
[Wrong term:] "Israel" – [correct term:] "the Israeli colonialist occupation"
[Wrong term:] "the Nakba (i.e., “The Catastrophe”, a term used by Palestinians referring to the establishment of Israel)" – [correct term:] "ethnic cleansing"
[Wrong term:] "settlements" – [correct term:] "colonies"
[Wrong term:] "terror" – [correct term:] "resistance"
[Wrong term:] "separation fence" – [correct term:] "racist separation wall"
[Wrong term:] "casualties" – [correct term:] "Martyrs" (Shahids)
Click to view video
Click to view bulletin

Note: This was originally broadcast on June 16, 2011.
Fatah official: “All possibilities are open to the leadership and the Palestinian people” 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, July 28, 2011
Headline: "Al-Aloul: No negotiations in the shadow of settlement – [the village of] Asira Al-Shimaliya honors students who were successful in their matriculation"
     "Yesterday, Fatah honored students from Asira Al-Shimaliya who had succeeded in their matriculation [examinations]. Member of the Fatah Central Committee and Commissioner of Mobilization and Organization, Mahmoud Al-Aloul, emphasized that all possibilities are open to the leadership and the Palestinian people in the event that they encounter a dead end."
Fatah official: Popular resistance and armed resistance both be used in their “proper place” 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, July 1, 2011
Program about Palestinian - Fatah-Hamas reconciliation and the appointment of a transitional Prime Minister.
Guests: Abbas Zaki, member of the Fatah Central Committee
From studio in Gaza: senior Hamas official Ismail Radwan
PA TV host:
”In other words, resistance is sacred. [So] you would agree with this principle: ’Resistance is the right of the Palestinian people, a sacred right, but weapons are not sacred, and every situation has its own circumstances and its own timing’?”
Radwan: ”I say to you that it’s not a matter of weapons or no weapons. Weapons are sacred when I use them against the occupation, which knows only the language of force. So while the popular resistance has been good (i.e., effective), at the same time the armed resistance has also been good. I tell you honestly, we [Hamas and Fatah] may well agree on organizing the resistance, whether popular or armed or in all other forms of resistance -”
[Host allows Zaki to respond]
Zaki:
”Firstly, I agree with him that popular resistance, against the backdrop of the current situation, does work, and [the security fence route adjustment around] Bil’in proves that it’s an effective means which can achieve results. However, we the Palestinian people – [UN General Assembly] Resolution 3236 gives the Palestinian people the right to use all means of struggle, including the armed struggle. But the use of the armed struggle requires a [certain] atmosphere, it requires internal order, it requires that using it will be of great benefit to you and will carry a heavy price for the enemy. Unfortunately, all of this is absent.”
PA daily coumnist: Our obligation right now is to abstain from armed struggle (violence) 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, May 11, 2011
     “On the Palestinian level, no one disagrees that the armed struggle is difficult, or impossible, under the current conditions. Our obligation right now is to prevent the violation of our commitment to a work plan which will maintain public order, protect society from disruptions, and allow the political players to compensate for the abstention from the most noble means of resistance (when it is strategically possible) –i.e., the armed struggle – by means of advantages and achievements in our political standing. … The armed forces and groups, wherever they may be, must gather together under the flag of the national entity, with their weapons and with their vision, and must willingly forego their ability to coerce on the internal level. The use of resistance as an excuse is not convincing; Palestinian experience has shown us that when the moment of resistance arrives, whether the estimates are mistaken or accurate, it is the legitimate leadership that will be on the frontlines, and that is who will push society into the conflict – as happened in the lengthy Second Intifada, when the security services and Hamas fought together.”
Armed struggle is "impossible under current conditions," but "moment of resistance" will arrive 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, May 11, 2011
Adli Sadeq, PLO Ambassador to India and regular columnist for official PA daily:
     “On the Palestinian level, no one disagrees that the armed struggle is difficult, or impossible, under current conditions. Our obligation right now is to prevent the violation of our commitment to a work plan which will maintain public order, protect society from disruptions, and allow the political players to compensate for the abstention from the most noble means of resistance (when it is strategically possible) –i.e., the armed struggle – by means of advantages and achievements in our political standing. …
The armed forces and groups, wherever they may be, must gather together under the flag of the national entity, with their weapons and with their vision, and must willingly forego their ability to coerce on the internal level. The use of resistance as an excuse is not convincing; Palestinian experience has show us that when the moment of resistance arrives, whether the estimates are mistaken or accurate, it is the legitimate leadership that will be on the frontlines, and that is who will push society into the conflict – as happened in the lengthy Second Intifada, when the security services and Hamas fought together.”
Fatah spokesman: "We want to die as Shahids [Martyrs] in exchange for political profit" 
Source: Official Palestinian Authority TV, May 4, 2011
Fatah spokesman Osama Al-Qawasmi:
     “If resistance [violence] doesn’t serve the Palestinian political project, then it’s a crime against us. We don’t want resistance for the sake of resistance, we don’t love death, we want life, and when we die as Shahids (Martyrs) we want to die as Shahids in exchange for political profit which all of us are able to realize.”
Palestinian strategy is to engage in both diplomacy and violence 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Apr. 10, 2011
Official PA daily columnist, Adli Sadeq:
     "When the results [of the Al-Aqsa Intifada] forced us to return to the option of politics and national resolve upon the land, unity was withheld from us with various excuses, and we found ourselves divided, with one of the strategic aims of the occupiers having been, and still being, to destroy our ability to realize the two opposite options: politics (i.e., diplomacy) and resistance (i.e., violence)!”
PA daily columnist opposes violent resistance, but only because it is ineffective 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Mar. 14, 2011
Muwaffaq Matar in his column, from article “A Question along the Way:”
Headline: “Netanyahu is gambling with Jewish children”
     "We dare not return to armed activity. We believe that it is no longer appropriate in our situation and in our reality, since the non-violent popular resistance is more effective. We aim for alertness and caution – not only regarding the danger of falling into a trap where our resistance becomes terrorism and crime, in light of the rise in official and popular worldwide support for our non-violent and legitimate struggle, but out of concern for ourselves and at ourselves, because justice is with us so long as human values guide every movement in our lives. Just as our aspiration for freedom, liberty and independence is a right, [so] we take care to purify our path and our means from the desire for revenge or submission to the Satan of murder for the sake of murder.”
Fatah leader: Armed resistance is a right but is not currently possible 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Feb. 2, 2011
Nabil Shaath is a member of the Fatah Central Committee and Fatah’s Commissioner of International Relations:
     “During a political gathering held by Fatah – Tubas branch, under the heading, “The Principles are our Bridge to a State”, Shaath noted that the American administration and Israel are applying pressure to the Palestinian leadership to return to negotiations. He said, ‘However, we decided that our present strategy will be a continuation of the popular struggle in all its forms and through all its means; a launching of international activity in order to obtain further international recognition of a Palestinian state; and pursuit of Israel and war criminals in international forums.’…
Shaath noted that the leadership is opposed to the idea of returning to negotiations without a change in the balance of power on the ground. He added that right now there is no room for the realization of our people’s right to armed resistance, due to several considerations and the results that it might bring about on the ground.”
Fatah Central Committee member: Violence is an option that must be postponed "at the present time" 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Jan. 17, 2011
     "Nabil Shaath, member of the Fatah Central Committee and the movement's head of international relations... said...: 'Nineteen years of negotiations and armed struggle have not succeeded in bringing about the liberation of a single inch of the land of Palestine. We are aware that at the present time it is impossible to return to the armed struggle, despite its being the right of Palestinians."
Click to view bulletin
Fatah member: "Fatah has not laid down the rifle, despite its call for peace" 
Source: Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Jan. 11, 2011
Fatah member, university head of Student Council, Qassam Azmouti:
     "[Fatah] head of the [Arab-American] University [in Jenin]'s Student Council, Qassam Azmouti, noted that Fatah, is the mother of the first Shahid (Martyr) the first prisoner, and the first bullet, and will continue to be the symbol of rebellion and a pioneer of the defenders of Palestine, the land, and the people. He emphasized that Fatah has not laid down the rifle, despite its call for peace, and it remains faithful to the oath of all the Shahids under the leadership of President Mahmoud Abbas."
Click to view bulletin
Former PA PM: "All options are open to us, including all forms of resistance" 
Source: Al-Quds, Oct. 20, 2010
     “Head of the PLO Jerusalem department, Ahmed Qurei… emphasized that ‘all options are open to the Palestinians for the restoration of their national rights and for the use of them in such a way as to have positive effect, for the benefit of their national interest.’
He noted that negotiations and political and diplomatic activity and the resistance must be included within the framework of the negotiations possibilities, including all forms of resistance. He stated that ‘all options are open to us: negotiations, popular activity, sitting strikes, civil disobedience, and armed resistance. None of these [options] may be rejected…’"
Previous 5678910Next 5
Display all
More in this category
1- Video




Entire Page






Created by swat