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Violence and terror
Case study: Dalal Mughrabi, from terrorist to hero
Official PA daily lists terror attacks planned by Abu Jihad, who was responsible for 125 deaths
Official PA daily, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida - Apr. 16, 2017
Headline: "29 years since the death as a Martyr of commander Khalil Al-Wazir 'Abu Jihad'"
“Today, Sunday [April 16, 2017], is the 29th anniversary of the death as a Martyr (
) of commander Khalil Al-Wazir 'Abu Jihad,' the general leader of the revolution forces and the engineer of the first Intifada (i.e., Palestinian wave of violence and terror against Israel, 1987-1993), who was assassinated by the Israeli Mossad (i.e., Israeli Secret Intelligence Service) in his home in Tunisia…
Among the military operations that Abu Jihad planned were the operation to blow up the Zohar reservoir (i.e., near Beit Hanoun in Gaza) in 1955; the operation to blow up the Israeli National Water Carrier pipelines (Eilabun tunnel) [parentheses in source] in 1965; the operation at the Savoy Hotel in Tel Aviv and the killing of 10 Israelis (sic., 11) in 1975; the operation to blow up a truck bomb in Jerusalem (15 murdered –Ed.) in 1975; the operation to kill Albert Levy, the senior sapper, and his assistant (sic., only Levy was murdered in the attack), in Nablus in 1976; the Dalal Mughrabi operation, in which more than 37 Israelis were killed, in 1978; the operation to shell the Eilat Port in 1979 (sic., 1978, apparently refers to foiled ship bombing; [and] the Katyusha fire on the northern settlements [in Israel] in 1981.
Israel also held the Martyr responsible for the capture of 8 Israeli soldiers in Lebanon, and their exchange for 5,000 Lebanese and Palestinian prisoners and 100 of the detainees of the territory occupied in 1982. In addition, he planned the infiltration of the headquarters of the Israeli military governor in Tyre and its bombing, leading to the deaths of 76 officers and soldiers, including 12 senior officers, in 1982; he led the war of attrition during the years 1982-1984 in southern Lebanon; and [he planned] the Dimona Reactor operation in 1988, which was the principle reason for his assassination."
(Khalil Al-Wazir) was a founder of Fatah and deputy to Yasser Arafat. He headed the PLO terror organization's military wing and also planned many deadly Fatah terror attacks in the 1960’s - 1980’s. These attacks, which murdered a total of 125 Israelis, included the most lethal in Israeli history - the hijacking of a bus and killing of 37 civilians, 12 of them children.
Bombing of Israel's National Water Carrier
- On Jan. 1, 1965, Palestinian terrorists attempted to bomb Israel's National Water Carrier. This was the first attack against Israel carried out by Fatah. Fatah refers to the attack as the “
”, meaning “the Launch” of Fatah.
Savoy terror attack
: In March 1975, eight terrorists traveled by boat from Lebanon to a Tel Aviv beach. They took over the Savoy Hotel and took guests as hostages. The next morning, Israeli forces attacked and killed seven of the terrorists. Eight hostages and three soldiers were killed by the terrorists during the attack.
Attack with truck bomb
(sometimes called the refrigerator bombing): Attack in Jerusalem in 1975 with a truck carrying a refrigerator filled with explosives. 15 people were killed and 77 wounded. The attack was orchestrated by Arafat’s advisor and Fatah Revolutionary Council member Ahmad Jabarah Abu Sukkar.
was an Israeli police sapper. In April 1976 he was called to dismantle an explosive device on B'nai Brith Street in Jerusalem. The device, which was booby trapped, exploded and Levy was killed.
Coastal Road Massacre
- In March 1978, a group of Fatah terrorists from Lebanon led by Dalal Mughrabi hijacked a bus on Israel's Coastal Highway. Confronted by the Israeli army, the terrorists murdered many of the passengers on the bus, in total 37 civilians,12 of them children, and wounded more than 70. The attack, orchestrated by arch-terrorist Abu Jihad (Khalil Al-Wazir), is known in Israel as the Coastal Road Massacre.
Eilat 1978 foiled attack
- A Fatah ship carrying explosives, the Agios Dmitros, was seized by the Israeli army near Eilat on Sept. 30, 1978. The ship, which was carrying half a ton of explosives and 45 rockets ready for launch, was intended to explode near the Eilat beach, which was full of vacationers at the time.
Attack on “the northern settlements”
- From 1978 to 1981, the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) continuously fired rockets from Lebanon at Northern Israel, after the UN and the South Lebanon Army created a buffer zone between Israel and Lebanon that stopped terrorists’ infiltrations into Israel.
The capture of 8 Israeli soldiers in Lebanon -
On Sept. 4, 1982, 8 Israeli soldiers were captured by Fatah terrorists in Bhamadoun, Lebanon. Two of them were handed to the PFLP and 6 were held by Fatah. Fatah released the 6 soldiers on Nov. 23, 1983 as part of an exchange deal in which Israel released 4,700 terrorists that were held in Lebanon and 65 terrorists held in Israel. The PFLP released the two soldiers, as well as an additional Israeli soldier that had been captured previously, on May 21, 1985 as part of an exchange deal in which Israel released 1150 terrorists.
Explosion in the Israeli military headquarters building in Tyre
- On Nov. 11, 1982, during the first Lebanon War, an explosion occurred in the Israeli military headquarters building and led to the death of 91 people, among whom were Israeli soldiers, Israeli Security Services staff, Israeli Border Policemen and Lebanese detainees. It has not been determined whether the explosion resulted from a gas leak or a car bomb.
Mothers’ Bus attack
– On March 7, 1988, Muhammad Abd Al-Qader Muhammad Issa, Muhammad Khalil Saleh Al-Khanafi, and Abdallah Abd Al-Majid Muhammad Kallab hijacked a bus carrying workers to the Negev Nuclear Research Center in Dimona, and murdered 3 of its passengers – Miriam Ben-Yair, Rina Shiratky and Victor Ram. The attack is referred to as the Mothers' Bus attack because many of the passengers were working mothers. The terrorists were all killed by an Israel Police counter-terrorism unit that stormed the bus.
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