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PMW Report on Fatah's Facebook in 2018: PMW called on FB to close terror supporting account
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Fatah's official Facebook page in 2018
A platform for glorifying murder and promoting terror

 
Conclusion from the report: 
"This report demonstrates that Fatah's Facebook page is repeatedly in violation of Facebook standards and that there can be no justification for Facebook to allow its continued operation."
 

 
By Itamar Marcus, Nan Jacques Zilberdik, and Yona Silverman

Introduction

The social media giant Facebook with its broad reach and instant messaging has great potential to disseminate good values, but also bad ones. With Israel still suffering from Palestinian terror, Palestinian Media Watch has examined the attitude of Mahmoud Abbas' ruling Fatah Movement towards Palestinian terror as expressed in its posts on its official Facebook page in 2018. The Facebook page examined is the official page of the Fatah Movement. (Palestinian National Liberation Movement "Fatah"/The Official Page, https://www.facebook.com/officialfateh1965/).

PMW's fundamental finding is that Fatah actively uses Facebook to glorify murderers, both past and contemporary, and to encourage violence. Fatah is in clear violation of Facebook's Community Standards, which prohibit use of its platform by those involved in "terrorist activity" or for "praise for individuals involved in these activities."

Palestinian terror can be divided into three categories by periods: Pre-Oslo Terror, Post-Oslo Terror, and Contemporary Terror. Fatah uses Facebook to glorify terrorists and attacks from all of these periods.

Pre-Oslo Terror includes the Munich Olympics massacre of 11 Israeli athletes in 1972 and the Coastal Road massacre of 12 Israeli children and 25 adults in 1978. Both of these attacks as well as other murderous attacks and terrorists from this period were glorified by Fatah on Facebook in 2018.

Post-Oslo Terror includes the hundreds of suicide bombings, shootings, and stabbings which have murdered more than 1,600 Israelis [mfa.gov.il] since the Oslo peace accords were signed between Israel and the PLO in 1993. Terrorists such as Ahmed Yassin, founder of Hamas; Nasser Awais, one of the founders of Fatah's terror wing the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, were responsible for hundreds of murders in the post-Oslo period, especially during the PA's terror campaign, the second intifada (2000-2005). Both these terror leaders and many other terrorists from that period were glorified by Fatah on Facebook in 2018.

Contemporary Terror includes attacks by Palestinian terrorists that continue today. For example the murder of two young Israelis, Kim Levengrond-Yehezkel, 29, mother of a 15-month-old, and Ziv Hajbi, 35, father of three, who were shot and killed by their Palestinian co-worker. They were murdered in 2018 and their murderer, along with others who killed Israelis that year, were glorified by Fatah on Facebook in 2018.

Case study of one example of Contemporary Terror glorification
To understand the powerful and great impact Fatah can have on Palestinians one merely has to look at the intensity and immediacy of Fatah's glorification of Kim and Ziv's murderer, Ashraf Na'alwa, on Facebook:

First, while the terrorist hid for six weeks, Fatah used Facebook to express its prayers to Allah for his safety:

"The wanted one Ashraf Na'alwa
Allah is protecting you and taking care of you,
He will not abandon you or harm you"
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Nov. 28, 2018]

After Na'alwa was killed in a shootout with Israeli soldiers on Dec 13, 2018, Fatah used Facebook to immediately glorify the killer, publishing seven posts within 24 hours, praising him as "hero," "Martyr," and "legend," and declaring he had achieved "eternity and glory," among them:

"Eternity and praise to our righteous Martyrs, may Allah have mercy on you and let you dwell in the open spaces of Paradise."
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]

"Heroic Martyr Ashraf Na'alwa"
"The heroic Martyrs of the homeland are sketching the map of the homeland with their pure blood, so that Palestine will be free and Arab.
Eternity and glory to you."

"[The winds] spread a scent at the place, which they say is similar to the scent of musk - and it is not surprising, for on that ground is a Martyr who was killed for his Lord and his land. His pure soul went out to the Lord of Heaven and earth in order to enjoy the pleasures of the world to come."

"These are the Martyrs of Palestine. They live today with their Lord."
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]

"The legend
The heroic self-sacrificing fighter (Fida'i)
Ashraf Na'alwa"
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]


"Fatah prays for the souls of Martyrs [Ashraf] Na'alwa and [Saleh] Barghouti."
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]

"Three moons are being hosted by Allah this morning.
To the Gardens of Eternity (i.e., Paradise)"
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]

"The Palestinian West Bank branches of the Fatah Movement accompany to the weddings (i.e., a Martyr's funeral is considered his wedding to the 72 Virgins in Paradise in Islam) our heroic Martyrs [Saleh Barghouti and Ashraf Na'alwa]"
[Official Fatah Facebook page, Dec. 13, 2018]

Fatah posted additional posts in his honor, including pictures of him either alone or with other contemporary terrorist "Martyrs":


Whereas raising the social status of any terrorist murderer can have a negative impact especially on youth, Fatah's repeatedly honoring terrorists through Facebook while the murder is still headline news, is sending the worst possible message to all Palestinians. The message from Fatah to Palestinians on Facebook can be interpreted as the following:

If you kill an Israeli, you can be our next hero, just like Ashraf Na'alwa.

Fatah's 150,000 Facebook followers are given the unequivocal message that murdering Israelis is not only desirable, but is also the fastest path to honor and fame for the terrorist and his/her entire family.

Fatah promotes violence and terror
Fatah uses its Facebook page to encourage violence and terror in other ways as well, for example by posting images of rifles and masked men carrying weapons.

Fatah honors terrorists from many terror organizations and murderers of foreign nationals
Through Facebook, Fatah glorifies not only the murderers of Israelis but also of foreign nationals. In 2018, it honored Japanese Red Army terrorist Kozo Okamoto who murdered 24 people, mostly Christian pilgrims from Puerto Rico, in the Lod (Israel) Airport massacre in 1972. Fatah also honored terrorists who attacked Israelis abroad, including the terrorists who murdered the 11 Israeli athletes at the Olympics in Munich, Germany. Fatah used Facebook not only to honor terrorists from its own terror branches, Black September and The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, but also terrorists belonging to Hamas, Islamic Jihad, PLO, and the PFLP - all internationally designated terror organizations.

While this report covers 2018, Fatah's terror promotion is not new. Palestinian Media Watch has documented that Fatah has used its official Facebook pages to promote violence and glorify terrorists for many years and continues to do so in 2019.

The many examples of glorification of terrorists and terror promotion from all periods cited in this 2018 overview report, demonstrate that Fatah continues to be an active terror-promoting organization and that Facebook allows itself to be a part of that terror promotion.

Facebook rules and regulations
Facebook policy is to prohibit all glorification of terrorists or terrorist acts as well as encouragement and endorsement of violence, as is explicitly written in Facebook's Community Standards:

"We [Facebook] do not allow any organizations or individuals that proclaim a violent mission or are engaged in violence, from having a presence on Facebook. This includes organizations or individuals involved in the following:
Terrorist activity
Organized hate
Mass or serial murder
Human trafficking
Organized violence or criminal activity

We also remove content that expresses support or praise for groups, leaders, or individuals involved in these activities."
[Facebook's Community Standards, I. Violence and Criminal Behavior,
2. Dangerous Individuals and Organizations, accessed Feb. 3, 2019]

This report demonstrates that Fatah's Facebook page is repeatedly in violation of Facebook standards and that there can be no justification for Facebook to allow its continued operation.


Conclusion
 
This Palestinian Media Watch report demonstrates that the Fatah Movement used its official Facebook page throughout 2018 to glorify terror and terrorists, and to support continued Palestinian terror against Israelis. As its fundamental policy, Fatah glorified terrorists from all periods of its history including mass murderers and suicide bombers. Significantly, immediately following terror attacks, Fatah used Facebook to praise the contemporary terror and glorify new terrorists throughout the year. Although Fatah's use of Facebook for these purposes is in direct violation of Facebook's guidelines set out in its Community Standards, Facebook has not deleted these terror glorifying and terror promoting posts, and has not closed down Fatah's Facebook account.
 
The terror glorification and promotion of violence by Fatah together with Facebook's willingness to be a platform for the dissemination of these messages is a lethal combination. As Palestinians see their colleagues, friends, and neighbors being honored as heroes just days after they have killed Israelis, and as they read that Fatah pledges it will use "all means" including the rifle against Israel, the seeds for future terrorists have been planted.