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Fatah commemorates deaths of "three heroes" who perpetrated 1929 Hebron Massacre

Headline: “The anniversary of the deaths as Martyrs of the three heroes Muhammad Jamjoum, Fuad Hijazi, and Ataa Al-Zir”

     “On June 17, 1930, the British Mandate authorities executed the heroes Muhammad Jamjoum, Fuad Hijazi, and Ataa Al-Zir at the citadel prison in Acre, despite Arab protests and condemnations.

The story of the three heroes began when British [Mandate] police forces arrested a group of young Palestinians over the Al-Buraq rebellion (i.e., the 1929 Hebron Massacre), that began when the herds of settlers organized a widespread demonstration on Aug. 14, 1929, for ‘the anniversary of the destruction of Solomon’s Temple’ (i.e., Tisha B'Av), as they call it. The day after, Aug. 15, they held a large and unprecedented demonstration in the streets of Jerusalem until they reached the Al-Buraq Wall (i.e., the Western Wall), and there they began to sing the ‘national Zionist anthem,’ while cursing the Muslims.

The next day, Friday Aug. 16, Prophet [Muhammad’s] birthday, the Muslims came out in their masses, including the three heroes, to protect the Al-Buraq Wall which the Jews planned on taking over, and the clash between the Arabs and the Zionists became inevitable in the various Palestinian areas.

At the time, the Mandate police managed to arrest 26 Palestinians who participated in the defense of the Al-Buraq Wall, and sentenced all of them to death. In the end, the sentences of 23 of them were commuted to life imprisonment, while the death sentence against the three Martyrs (Shahids) Muhammad Jamjoum, Fuad Hijazi, and Ataa Al-Zir, remained in effect.

After the Mandate authorities determined that the execution of these heroes would be carried out on June 17, 1930, the three defied the fear of death which had no meaning for them, but rather the opposite – the three competed among themselves to be the first to meet their Lord.”

Muhammad Jamjoum, Fuad Hijazi, and Ataa Al-Zir “committed particularly brutal murders [of Jews] at Safed and Hebron,” according to the report by British Government to the League of Nations. They were convicted of attacking British soldiers and murdering Jews in the 1929 Hebron Massacre, in which 65 Jews were murdered. They were executed by the British in 1930.

Tisha B’Av is a Jewish day of mourning commemorating the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem (586 BCE and 70 CE) and the forced exile of all Jews from the land of Israel.

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